Macbeth – National Theatre

In 2016, to celebrate Shakespeare’s 400th birthday, the Royal Shakespeare Company staged a compilation of Shakespearean scenes, songs and soliloquies, which was televised. During this celebration, Rory Kinnear and Anne-Marie Duff performed a scene from Macbeth. It was tantalising to see such a brilliant pairing onstage. I hoped that one day these two fantastic actors would perform the play in its entirety. When the tickets came on sale for this production at the National Theatre, I was extremely excited to see it. Even as the negative critics’ reviews were published, I vowed that I would make up my own mind regarding the play. I was still hyped by the possibility of seeing Rory Kinnear perform Shakespeare live on stage.

Macbeth National Theatre Rory Kinnear Anne-Marie Duff Rufus Norris Review
Rory Kinnear as Macbeth. Anne-Marie Duff plays Lady Macbeth. Picture Credit – Tristram Kenton.

There are few better at performing Shakespeare than Rory Kinnear. The intonations and stresses in his voice follow the rhythmic pattern of iambic pentameter perfectly. There is no doubt that he masters the bard’s poetic language and rhythms. He effortlessly tackles Shakespeare’s soliloquies and truly captivates the audience throughout his plays. His performance in Macbeth is no different. Having seen veteran Kenneth Branagh play the doomed character in Manchester, Kinnear’s performance is equally as strong, adding a unique vulnerability to Macbeth which I have never seen before. Rather than a ruthless killer, Kinnear’s Macbeth is horrified by the grotesque murders he commits. He turns into a nervous wreck, his mannerisms are unsettled and his voice wavers. With a shaking leg and hands, Rory Kinnear’s Macbeth is visibly shocked and full of anguish and remorse. Rather than a power hungry murderer, he presents a man who has gone too far into bloodshed to turn back. It gives Macbeth a humanity which is refreshing to see.

Similarly, Anne-Marie Duff‘s Lady Macbeth is equally as disturbed as her husband. The scene where she sleepwalks and washes her hands from murderous blood; “out damned spot!”, is naturally believable and shocking. She performs this scene perfectly and really shines during these scenes of madness. The chemistry between the married couple is convincingly authentic. It is clear that Macbeth and Lady Macbeth are passionately in love. However, there is nothing in Anne-Marie Duff’s performance that indicates how she convinces her husband to become a murderous villain. Personally, I believe that she isn’t manipulative enough as a character. Despite this, there is no denying that her Lady Macbeth perfectly expresses the physical mortification of her crimes.

Macbeth National Theatre Rory Kinnear Anne-Marie Duff Rufus Norris Review
A post apocalyptic world. Picture Credit – Tristram Kenton.

Unfortunately, the fine acting from Kinnear and Duff is spoiled by an obstructive, distracting setting and stage design. This production is set in a post-apocalyptic world, where the characters live in a desolate wasteland, eating from mess tins and curiously improvisational clothing. While this looks visually striking, it considerably causes the play to become confusing. Macbeth strives to be Thane and King, becoming a vicious murderer in his quest to become King. This production questions just what Macbeth will be king of… A desolate wasteland? There isn’t even a crown to be desired. Literally the only prominence of King Duncan is that he wears a red suit. There is no other motivation evident in this production for Macbeth to want to usurp the king, other than for a nice, red suit.

Other than the superb lighting, the rest of the production design for Macbeth is disastrous. The set is distracting and obstructive. A vast ramp dominates the stage, yet is rarely used. It is only used as an entrance/exit and doesn’t add anything integral to the play. Large poles spring up from the stage with plastic bin liners on the top to represent trees. Actors frequently climb the ‘trees’ which is effective in certain scenes, such as the witches, but entirely distracting in others. Whenever an actor climbs a ‘tree’, there is an irritating rustling noise. This is most evident when Macbeth finds his wife’s dead body. What would be a touching, emotional scene was spoiled by someone climbing the ‘tree’ closest to where I sat, creating a distracting rustling noise that diverted my attention and ruined the poignancy of the scene. Equally, huge drapes of plastic bin liners were hung at the back of the stage to create a post-apocalyptic stage curtain. However, whenever a scene change is taking place backstage, there is an annoying rustling noise protruding from backstage that vexed me.

Macbeth National Theatre Rory Kinnear Anne-Marie Duff Rufus Norris Review
Rory Kinnear as Macbeth. Anne-Marie Duff plays Lady Macbeth. Picture Credit – Tristram Kenton.

In addition to this, clunky buildings adorn the set, but obstruct the audience’s view. My seat was stage-left and I struggled to see the action through the concrete walls of the buildings. Unless you are sat centre-stage, the concrete buildings block your view. I couldn’t see Banquo’s ghost at all, as the side wall of the house hindered my view. A revolving floor is used to mitigate this problem, however, it revolves at the worst moments possible. The stage revolves during Macbeth’s soliloquies, which serves as a distraction. Shakespeare’s soliloquies are designed for the audience’s attention to be solely on the character revealing their inner thoughts. However, when that character is stood on a revolving stage, that attention is broken, and the intimacy between the character and the audience during these speeches is destroyed. It is a real shame as Rory Kinnear is an accomplished Shakespearean actor who really excels in these soliloquies.

Sadly, that is not where the problems in this production end. Shakespeare’s play itself is butchered, making this Macbeth seem more like an abridged version. Entire characters such as Donalbain are brutally removed. Many of the famous lines have been savagely cut, such as “by the pricking of my thumbs, something wicked this way comes“. When you stage a Shakespeare play, there are certain lines that the audience expect to hear and anticipate. This is one of them. It is like when Benedict Cumberbatch’s Hamlet experimented with the placement of the “To be or not to be” soliloquy. I don’t mind productions being experimental, however, here it just side-lines the witches, meaning that their prophecies don’t hold as much gravitas as they should. This further blurs the audience’s understanding of Macbeth’s motivation for killing King Duncan.

Macbeth National Theatre Rory Kinnear Anne-Marie Duff Rufus Norris Review
Rory Kinnear as Macbeth. Picture Credit – Tristram Kenton.

The two assassins in Macbeth are woeful. The decision to use the Geordie clown character as one of the assassins is a terrible decision as Trevor Fox remains the same character throughout. This actor warned Macduff’s wife that assassins were coming to kill her and her children; having killed Banquo in an earlier scene. It causes endless confusion. If the same actor is used for both of these roles, there needs to be a distinction that separates the different parts, rather than remaining exactly the same for both. The other assassin is a squeaky voiced actress, sporting a Joker denim jacket and was a strange blend between Harley Quinn and Bellatrix Lestrange. She isn’t intimidating enough to play this role. The method of payment for these assassins also raises questions. It appears that they basically kill people for a can of San Pellegrino.

It is such a shame that Macbeth has so much potential due to its superb lead actors, yet is let down by poor stage design and production. I felt the same after watching Benedict Cumberbatch’s Hamlet. They both feel like they are trying too hard to be different, without focusing on what people love so much about Shakespeare, the plays themselves! The magic of Shakespeare lies in his poetic verse, his fascinating characters and the way they represent values that are inherent in all humankind. Whether that is love, death, greed, jealousy, ambition, desire or grief, there is always a quality in Shakespeare that reflects what it is to be human. His plays have endured for over 400 years without the need for extravagant stage design.

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